SPIRIT

SPIN SIMULATION FRAMEWORK

Spirit LogoLogo

 

Core Library:

Service System Compiler Status
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MSVC14.1
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Python package: https://badge.fury.io/py/spirit.svgPyPI version

Branch Python Package Coverage Core Library Coverage
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The code is released under MIT License.
If you intend to present and/or publish scientific results or visualisations for which you used Spirit, please cite G. P. Müller et al., arXiv:1901.11350 and read the REFERENCE.md.

This is an open project and contributions and collaborations are always welcome!! See CONTRIBUTING.md on how to contribute or write an email to g.mueller@fz-juelich.de
For contributions and affiliations, see CONTRIBUTORS.md.

Please note that a version of the Spirit Web interface is hosted by the Research Centre Jülich at http://juspin.de

 

Skyrmions on a 2D gridSkyrmions

 

Introduction

A modern framework for magnetism science on clusters, desktops & laptops and even your Phone

Spirit is a platform-independent framework for spin dynamics, written in C++11. It combines the traditional cluster work, using using the command-line, with modern visualisation capabilites in order to maximize scientists’ productivity.

“It is unworthy of excellent men to lose hours like slaves in the labour of calculation which could safely be relegated to anyone else if machines were used.”

  • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Our goal is to build such machines. The core library of the Spirit framework provides an easy to use API, which can be used from almost any programming language, and includes ready-to-use python bindings. A powerful desktop user interface is available, providing real-time visualisation and control of parameters.

Physics Features

  • Atomistic Spin Lattice Heisenberg Model including also DMI and dipole-dipole
  • Spin Dynamics simulations obeying the Landau-Lifschitz-Gilbert equation
  • Direct Energy minimisation with different solvers
  • Minimum Energy Path calculations for transitions between different spin configurations, using the GNEB method

Highlights of the Framework

  • Cross-platform: everything can be built and run on Linux, OSX and Windows
  • Standalone core library with C API which can be used from almost any programming language
  • Python package making complex simulation workflows easy
  • Desktop UI with powerful, live 3D visualisations and direct control of most system parameters
  • Modular backends including parallelisation on GPU (CUDA) and CPU (OpenMP)

Documentation

More details may be found at spirit-docs.readthedocs.io or in the Reference section including

There is also a Wiki, hosted by the Research Centre Jülich.


 

Getting started with the Desktop Interface

See BUILD.md on how to install the desktop user interface.

Isosurfaces in a thin layerDesktop UI with Isosurfaces in a thin layer

The user interface provides a powerful OpenGL visualisation window using the VFRendering library. It provides functionality to

  • Control Calculations
  • Locally insert Configurations (homogeneous, skyrmions, spin spiral, … )
  • Generate homogeneous Transition Paths
  • Change parameters of the Hamiltonian
  • Change parameters of the Method and Solver
  • Configure the Visualization (arrows, isosurfaces, lighting, …)

See the UI-QT Reference for the key bindings of the various features.

Unfortunately, distribution of binaries for the Desktop UI is not possible due to the restrictive license on QT-Charts.


 

Getting started with the Python Package

To install the Spirit python package, either build and install from source or simply use

pip install spirit

With this package you have access to powerful Python APIs to run and control dynamics simulations or optimizations. This is especially useful for work on clusters, where you can now script your workflow, never having to re-compile when testing, debugging or adding features.

The most simple example of a spin dynamics simulation would be

    from spirit import state, simulation
    with state.State("input/input.cfg") as p_state:
        simulation.PlayPause(p_state, "LLG", "SIB")

Where "SIB" denotes the semi-implicit method B and the starting configuration will be random.

To add some meaningful content, we can change the initial configuration by inserting a Skyrmion into a homogeneous background:

    def skyrmion_on_homogeneous(p_state):
        from spirit import configuration
        configuration.PlusZ(p_state)
        configuration.Skyrmion(p_state, 5.0, phase=-90.0)

If we want to calculate a minimum energy path for a transition, we need to generate a sensible initial guess for the path and use the GNEB method. Let us consider the collapse of a skyrmion to the homogeneous state:

    from spirit import state, chain, configuration, transition, simulation 

    ### Copy the system a few times
    chain.Image_to_Clipboard(p_state)
    for number in range(1,7):
        chain.Insert_Image_After(p_state)
    noi = chain.Get_NOI(p_state)

    ### First image is homogeneous with a Skyrmion in the center
    configuration.PlusZ(p_state, idx_image=0)
    configuration.Skyrmion(p_state, 5.0, phase=-90.0, idx_image=0)
    simulation.PlayPause(p_state, "LLG", "VP", idx_image=0)
    ### Last image is homogeneous
    configuration.PlusZ(p_state, idx_image=noi-1)
    simulation.PlayPause(p_state, "LLG", "VP", idx_image=noi-1)

    ### Create transition of images between first and last
    transition.Homogeneous(p_state, 0, noi-1)

    ### GNEB calculation
    simulation.PlayPause(p_state, "GNEB", "VP")

where "VP" denotes a direct minimization with the velocity projection algorithm.

You may also use Spirit order to extract quantitative data, such as the energy.

    def evaluate(p_state):
        from spirit import system, quantities
        M = quantities.Get_Magnetization(p_state)
        E = system.Get_Energy(p_state)
        return M, E

Obviously you may easily create significantly more complex workflows and use Python to e.g. pre- or post-process data or to distribute your work on a cluster and much more!